2016 was marked by two anniversaries at once, associated with the name of the Russian and Soviet fashion designer, theatrical costume designer Nadezhda Petrovna Lamanova - the 155th anniversary of her birth and the 75th anniversary of her death. On the occasion of these anniversaries, "N. Lamanova's Virutal Museum" holds the Days of Remembrance.
On October 15, on the 75th anniversary of the death of N. Lamanova, a "Memorial Day" will be held at the Vagankovskoye cemetery. At 12 o'clock there will be a memorial service at the burial site, then - the laying of flowers. Representatives of the Moscow Art Theater Museum, the Fashion Museum IEC, the Museum of Entrepreneurs, Patrons and Philanthropists are expected to make speeches on the occasion of the anniversary.
Nadezhda Lamanova was born on December 27 (December 14, SS) in the village of Shutilovo, Nizhny Novgorod province. In the early 80s of the XIX century, Nadezhda moved to Moscow, where, after studying at the school of cutting and sewing OA Suvorova and working as a modeller in one of the capital's tailoring establishments, she opened her atelier. An unusually talented artist, Lamanova soon gained fame as the best dressmaker not only in Moscow, but also in St. Petersburg. In 1898 and 1904. she was promoted to the titles of the supplier to the Grand Duchess Elizabeth Feodorovna and Empress Alexandra Feodorovna, respectively. Since 1901, at the invitation of Savva Morozova, she created costumes for productions of the Moscow Art Theater. In 1911, being a friend of the French couturier Paul Poiret, she invited him to Moscow. Profitable house of Lamanova-Kayutova,built by order of Nadezhda Petrovna in 1908, now belongs to TASS (Tverskoy Boulevard, 10).
After the revolution, Lamanova did not emigrate abroad, but remained in Russia. Since 1919, Nadezhda Petrovna headed the state workshop "Modern Suit" at the NarKomPros, where the foundations of Soviet modeling were laid. In 1923, the workshop was awarded a diploma from the State Academy of Arts. In 1925, Lamanova was awarded the Grand Prix of the International Exhibition of Decorative and Industrial Arts in Paris, where she presented dresses fashionable in 20 silhouettes, but using folk motives. In 1927, Nadezhda Petrovna was awarded an honorary diploma of the jubilee exhibition of art of the peoples of the USSR for a collection of
folklore motives of the peoples of the North. Nadezhda Lamanova collaborated with artists - Alexandra Exter, Vera Mukhina, Elizaveta Yakunina, Varvara Stepanova, Alexander Rodchenko, Wassily Kandinsky, as well as with Lev Bakst and Natalia Goncharova (before the Revolution).
Starting from the 20s of the XX century, Lamanova worked even more actively in the theater. She collaborated with the theater. E.B. Vakhtangova (Princess Turandot, Marion de Lorme, Zoykina's apartment, etc.), Moscow Art Academic Theater (Crazy Day or the marriage of Figaro, Anna Karenina, Othello, etc.), State Academic Bolshoi Theater, Theater of the Revolution, Theater of the Red Army, etc. Also Lamanova created costumes for films at that time - "Aelita" by Y. Protazanov, "Ivan the Terrible" and "Alexander Nevsky" by S. Eisenstein and others.
Lamanova worked until the last days of her life. Nadezhda Petrovna died on October 15, 1941, in the first days of the Second World War, in front of the Bolshoi Theater Ambulatory, in the arms of her younger sister. She was buried at the Vagankovskoye cemetery.
Today, Lamanova's works are kept in many museums and private collections around the world: in the State Hermitage, in the State Historical Museum, in the Moscow Art Theater Museum, in the Museum of Moscow, in the Museum of Entrepreneurs, Patrons and Philanthropists, in the Metropolitan Museum (New York), in the private collection A. Vasilyeva and others. In 2002 the State Hermitage organized an exhibition of works by N. Lamanova from its collection. In the summer of 2016, the IEC "Fashion Museum" together with the Moscow Art Theater Museum organized an exhibition of theatrical works by N. Lamanova, timed to coincide with the 155th anniversary of the artist.