What the fabrics of the future will be and what they will be made of, the PokupkaLux website told in its special report from Milan.
The Milan EXPO has hosted the pavilions of 145 participating countries. And along with the discussion of food safety, proper nutrition and gastronomic traditions from different parts of the world, the capital of Italian fashion cannot do without talking about the latest trends in the fashion industry.
The Textifood exhibition deserves close attention, which can be seen in Milan's Palazzo delle Stellina until July 14. It features curious startups and the latest developments in fabrics of the future, made from what we usually call food! And now I do not mean Lady Gaga's sensational dress made of raw steaks, but quite commercially available materials, which in a short period of time will be perceived as something completely ordinary, but still cause surprise and admiration for their inventors. What will such fabrics be made of?
1. Two young Italians have created Orange Fiber technology, thanks to which cellulose fibers are extracted from the moist cake left after the production of orange juice. The resulting fabric, similar to acetate silk, has a pronounced cosmetic effect: the citrus essential oils contained in it moisturize and nourish the skin better than many creams.
2. Nettle is good not only in soup, but also as a substitute for cotton and flax! Experiments with it were carried out even under Napoleon - for the needs of army uniforms. And now the Italian eco-fashion firm Grado Zero sews jackets and trench coats from 100% nettle. Among its obvious advantages are low cost (nettle grows well without fertilizers and pesticides) and the ability, thanks to a special hollow structure, to accumulate air and thus create natural thermal insulation, which is indispensable in the cold season.
3. In Japan, starting from the 13th century, a weightless and very thin natural material was made from banana stalks, which is still used for kimono packaging. And today, Filipino designers, led by Dita Sandiko, make the so-called banana silk from the dried leaves of this plant, which is used for sewing dresses, stoles, jackets and summer coats.
4. You can also create fabric from … milk! Yes, yes, not only cottage cheese, cheese or butter, but also a real fabric, the threads for which are taken from casein protein, and only from the milk that has already sour. The casein material resembles wool, and its antibacterial and thermoregulatory properties make it suitable not only for outerwear collections, but also for bandages and car upholstery. Milk wool began to be produced in Italy under Mussolini, but then abandoned, and now this business is reviving the German fashion designer and microbiologist Anke Domaske with his startup Qmilk.
5. Seacell is the name of another futuristic material woven from seaweed fibers. Its formula, rich in silver ions, not only gently envelops the skin, but also protects it from aggressive external factors and premature aging thanks to its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. It can be used as underwear or as a filler for down jackets that can withstand harsh climatic conditions.
6. Some designers are experimenting with alternative fabrics created not by humans but by bacteria. The Biocouture project of the Englishwoman Suzanne Lee is also working in this direction. Her recipe? A symbiotic mixture of bacteria, yeast and other microorganisms, which, during fermentation, produce thin sheets of cellulose. Wet sheets are modeled directly on the mannequin, taking the shape of a cape, mantle or vest, and dried sheets are cut and sewn like any other ordinary fabric.
7. Crabyon is a natural fiber derived from chitosan, which is abundant in crustacean shells. Usually, after eating poor crabs or lobsters, their chitinous covers are thrown out, but now the Japanese have come up with the idea of mixing them with viscose and getting a hypoallergenic material that is ideal for sports and children's clothing, bed and underwear.
8. The representatives of the textile industry did not ignore alcoholic beverages. From the process of their fermentation, scientists at the Australian University, together with the artist Donna Franklin, were able to obtain new fabrics: burgundy from red wine, transparent from white and golden amber from beer. The materials still have drawbacks - poor elasticity and a noticeable vinegar smell, but researchers are working to eliminate them. And who knows what we will prefer in the future: drink a bottle of "Montalcino" or put it on ourselves - in the form of a raincoat or a jacket?