Shoes Of Our Ancestors

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Shoes Of Our Ancestors
Shoes Of Our Ancestors
Video: Shoes Of Our Ancestors
Video: How Shoes Changed The Way Humans Walk 2023, February
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Leading fashion designers assert the 21st century - the VALENKA century!

Valenki go to the catwalks

Many of our generations from time immemorial, up to the beginning of the twentieth century, wore shoes like bast shoes, onuchi and ichihagi.

Peter 1 and felt boots
Peter 1 and felt boots

It is known that wire rods (as they were called boots in Russia) were favored by Peter I, who, among other advantages, found medicinal purposes in them. For example, after abundant libations, the next morning the emperor demanded that the first thing to do is bring cabbage soup and put on his boots. Warm shoes were supposed to provide better blood circulation. And so it happened. Valenki are the only footwear made from natural materials that do not exterminate nature and animals. Wool is cut from peacefully grazing sheep and processed. The production of felt boots not only does not violate the natural nature, but also, as Peter I noted, has healing properties. Natural wool does not irritate the skin of the legs, has a positive energy for humans, natural wool fibers have a high heat capacity, which allows the feet not to freeze in the most severe frosts. At the same time, the legs do not sweat,since the wool fibers provide natural air circulation and your feet are always warm. Scientists have also found that at the moment of movement (when walking, for example) between the felt boot and your skin during friction, a favorable biofield is created, positive charges are formed. So felt boots are not just natural natural shoes, they are also useful and, as fashion designers now prove, are the most fashionable! Although felt boots have always been in fashion. An example of this is an excerpt from the story of I.V. Odoevtseva about Sergei Yesenin's meeting with Zinaida Gippius.it is also useful and as fashion designers now prove - the most fashionable! Although felt boots have always been in fashion. An example of this is an excerpt from the story of I.V. Odoevtseva about Sergei Yesenin's meeting with Zinaida Gippius.she is also useful and as fashion designers now prove - the most fashionable! Although felt boots have always been in fashion. An example of this is an excerpt from the story of I.V. Odoevtseva about Sergei Yesenin's meeting with Zinaida Gippius.

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"In 1912, Yesenin was really received more than coldly, but he - a peasant nugget - came to conquer Petersburg"

Once, at some prim reception, Gippius, pointing the lorgnette at his boots, loudly approved them: "What interesting leggings you are wearing!" All those present roared with laughter.

Valenki - primordially Russian footwear The word "Valenki" is inseparable from the traditional idea of ​​Russia, with its Russian winter and snowy expanses.

Wool products discovered in Altai during excavations of the Pazyrlyk mound date from the 4th century BC.

Valenki are great shoes - comfortable, hygienic. In felt boots, neither frost, nor blizzard, nor heat are terrible.

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Valenki were the best footwear for walks in Russia. They celebrated Shrovetide, carols, dances, danced to the accordion. And V.I. Lenin found another purpose for them. During exile V.I. Lenin in Shushenskoye, he used Siberian pimas (felt boots) as a hiding place for transporting his works. In the old days, felt boots were considered a valuable gift, and having your own felt boots was prestigious. The bridegroom was chosen by the felt boots, and the groom in felt boots was a wealthy man.

"Keep your head cold and your feet warm," says a Russian proverb. Now it has become clear exactly what the residents of Myshkin wrote, who in the "cold" economic times decided to open the Museum "Russian felt boots". Our traditions, customs, holidays - all our primordially Russian "felt boots" are very much needed by small towns, which with their help can turn from "big villages" forgotten on the sidelines of civilization into real New Vasyuki. The Russian Valenok Festival in Myshkin was also timed to coincide with this event. Currently, one of the largest production of felt boots in the country is operating in the region - the Yaroslavl factory of felt footwear, whose regular customers are Viktor Chernomyrdin and Yuri Luzhkov.

Valenki Spring
Valenki Spring

The festival "Russian felt boots" was a great success: the presentation of the All-Russian exhibition and museum "Russian felt boots" and the competition of fashion designers - designers "Russian boots".

However, it is impossible to list everything, the program of the festival was unusually diverse, and everyone found a pleasure to their liking at the holiday: young people took part in the drawing competition on the asphalt on felt boots, older ladies - in the beauty contest "Miss Russian felt boots-2001", well and those who are richer - in the auction, which exhibited the best models of national footwear by leading Russian designers:

Valenki the BRIDE
Valenki the BRIDE

The absolute leader of the first in the history of the felting and felt industry of the Festival "Russian felt boots" is CJSC "Gorizont".

All prizes in the competition of fashion designers were taken by models of felt boots of JSC "Horizont"

First place - felt boots "Spring" (author Salkova E.V.)

Second place - felt boots "Bride" (author Belorusova N.V.)

Third place - felt boots "Millennium-1" (author Klimenko G.P.)

The solemn procession of felt boots did not end there!

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As soon as winter came to Russia, a unique museum "Russian felt boots" was opened in Moscow in the 2nd Kozhevnichesky lane. One hall contains about 200 exhibits corresponding to the profile of the museum. Among them are officer felt boots with leather soles, popular among the command staff of the Red Army and the police in the 20-30s, boots of the Great Patriotic War, including those belonging to Karelian partisans, with a special crochet for skis, special “boots of the bride ". In addition, you can see felt boots in the form of a samovar, a kettle, a steam locomotive and an airplane.

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In the museum you will get acquainted with the history of sheep breeding, the artisanal and modern industrial method of producing felt boots, and you will see each stage of their creation.

As it turned out, the felting process is not so simple and is passed down from generation to generation. He is painstaking and uses not only machine, but also manual labor. Museum "Russian felt boots" provides a unique opportunity - to make a journey from the moment of harvesting wool to the finished felt boot.

Preparing wool for felting

The wool is cleaned of debris, pinched it by hand to shreds, tousled it, spread it on a workbench or on the floor, sprinkle it with flour waste (for 3 kg of wool, 1.5 kg of flour). Then they beat with a stick until the flour sticks to the wool. After that, the wool is dried in a warm Russian oven.

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Washing wool

The tank is filled with water. Water should not contain a lot of iron substances. One cup of ammonia liquid, 300 grams of soda ash for 5 buckets of water is added to the water, the wool is immersed in a tank and heated to 40 degrees. Incubate for about 20 minutes with slow stirring.

Then they take out the wool and put it on the grate, place it over the tank so that the solution can drain into the tank.

After the solution is drained, the wool is washed with cold water.

Whipping and fluffing wool

The dried wool is placed on the wire rack. The lattice (S = 1 sq. M) is made of thin shingles and is attached with two hooks driven into the wall at a height of 60-70 cm from the floor. On top of the lattice, a wooden bow, up to 1.5 meters long, with two linden stands-filly, at the ends covered with a belt, is hung on a belt to the ceiling, so that the string does not break. The string, usually from mutton intestines, up to 2 meters long, is pulled very tightly over the filly.

The wool is broken like this: the worker holds the bow by the middle with his left hand, and with his right hand hits the string with a cue. The cue ball (or it is called "katerinka") is a finished birch log, with a notch, weighing up to 1.5 kg.

A well-whipped coat should rise from the lightest breeze of air. Felting boots

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The master spreads the fluffed wool on the floor on a canvas canopy in a thin layer, slightly moistened with water and presses it with his hands. On the first layer, another layer of wool is laid on the lower half of the boot and again compacted with your hands. All this, together with the canopy, is wrapped in the form of a tube on a round stick-roller and rolls on the table with your hands until the wool "grabs". The felt is removed from the stick and the canvas, folded in half, and a canvas or paper the size of boots is placed in the middle and the seam is spliced ​​with wool by rolling with your hands; special attention is paid to the splicing of the sole, on which, in addition to the folded edges of the felt, a thick layer of wool is applied. Rolling is done along the boot, while the felt itself is rolled along the width of the boot. After that, the boot is turned inside out (or rolled into a tube) and goes into cooking.

Cooking

Felt boots rolled into a tube are placed in a quel filled with water and weighed them down with a wooden circle, and a stone is placed on the circle so that the boots are always in the water. The boiler is placed in the oven (on the stove). When the water in the boiler starts to evaporate, water is added to the boiler. Cooking is carried out within 15-20 hours. The water must not cool down.

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Washing

They pour fresh water into the cauldron, put felt boots, make a fire under the cauldron, and when the water in the cauldron heats up to such an extent that a hand lowered into the water can hardly endure, take out the boots. The boot is dipped in hot water several times and rolled again; then wrapped around an iron bar and washed with his hands. Duration of work from one to three hours

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When the boot from washing takes the proper size, it is put on the shoe. The felt boot is put on the shoe, straightened, crushed with a wooden mallet, rubbed with a pumice stone to smooth out irregularities. Having smoothed the felt boot with a pumice stone or a bar, put it in the oven overnight to dry. The dried felt boot is rubbed again with a pumice stone or a bar so that it becomes smooth and more or less clean. After that, the felt boot is ready!

In the museum, passing through the exposition, you will appreciate the role of felt boots during the Great Patriotic War and in the post-war period, their importance in the development of industry and the national economy. Without boots, it would have been impossible to explore the northern regions, expeditions to the North and South Poles. You will be told about the participation of felt boots in the political, cultural, sports and everyday life of the country.

The value of felted footwear as essential clothing was already known in the 14th century. During the reign of the son of Ivan Danilovich Kalita, Semyon Ivanovich (Proud), who occupied the throne from 1341 to 1353, was reigning on the Moscow throne. knew a lot about felt boots. This is how the story of the famous historian writer Dmitry Ivanovich Balashov about the events of the early fifties of the XIV century testifies to this.

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The spiritual head of Russia, Metropolitan Theognost, after the county seat of Prince Semyon the Proud from the headquarters of Khan Dzhinibek, remained in captivity with the Khan. "::.. in the evening, when the khan's side brought down his protodeacon and campaigner, Theognost, to the metropolitan, he already knew what to do. did not forget to ask again about the hat and felted Russian boots made of felt. " The campaigner later brought both.

In a hat, fur coat and felt boots, Theognost again felt more or less bearable.

Museum "Russian felt boots" clearly shows not only the history of felt boots, but also traditions and modern vision and purpose of boots. At the entrance to the museum and at the beginning of your journey around the world, a felt boot is greeted with a cheerful and cheerful greeting:

Steel makers, carpenters

Summer residents, hunters

Lumberjacks, fishermen

Youth and old people

Both polar explorer and geologist

If a felt boot is dear to

you If

you hold a felt boot in high esteem

We invite you as our friends

to our museum!

By the way, in the museum you can order any felt boots and cloaks you like with decorative trim of the original or your own design.

Today felt boots are not just comfortable and irreplaceable footwear, but also a new direction in the work of our contemporary artists, designers and fashion designers. Valenki boldly go to the world catwalks.

Leading fashion designers claim the 21st century is the VALENKA century

InterModa.Ru

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