As part of the Provincial Style festival, Vyacheslav Zaitsev, along with other members of the jury, visited the Voronezh Regional Museum of Local Lore, where an exhibition of national costume is taking place. The guests of honor were allowed to look at everything thoroughly and told about the peculiarities of the cut and decoration of national costumes.
From the preface to the exhibition
Each museum collection has its own unique collections that make up its golden fund.
In the Voronezh Regional Museum of Local Lore, the ethnographic collection can be considered one of the brightest, most distinctive, and in demand. Among the museum exhibits, ethnographic objects occupy a special place, being a materialized, visible image of the culture of our ancestors. The collection was formed gradually throughout the entire existence of the museum. It is based on the traditional folk costume of the Voronezh province of the late 19th - first third of the 20th century. In addition to clothing, the collection includes various household items of peasants, agricultural implements, about three and a half thousand items in total. The beginning of the meeting was laid in the middle of the 19th century, when the councilor of the provincial government N. I. Vtorov in a memo to Voronezh Governor N. P. Sinelnikov
"On the project of creating a future museum", among others, highlighted the ethnographic department, in which samples of clothing of the inhabitants of the province, household and other tools, household utensils were to be collected.
At the same time, the teacher of drawing of the Voronezh Cadet Corps S. P. Pavlov was engaged in ethnographic research. The museum contains several drawings by Pavlov and art sheets of the printing house of V. F. Timm with sketches of types of inhabitants of the province, made by the artist. in preparation for the opening of the museum, the organization commission, headed by S. Ye. Zverev, appealed to the population with a request to assist in replenishing the museum's collection. By the opening (1894) in the funds of the handicraft-ethnographic department of the museum, there were about 45 items, some of which were donated by collectors.
The replenishment of museum collections with ethnographic materials was carried out by donations from citizens, collection during expeditions and partly by purchases.
The 1920s were the most fruitful in terms of research and collecting work. By this time, the ethnographic collection consisted of 2800 items. In 1923-1-1925. expeditions of N. V. Valukinsky, A. M. Putintsev, F. I. Polikarpov were carried out to the villages of Voronezh, Ostrogozhsky, Nizhnedevitsky, Korotoyaksky districts. Participants of ethnographic excursions sketched, photographed and purchased costumes, household items, clay toys. December 5, 1927 the ethnographic department opened the exhibition “art of the village of the Voronezh province” with the sections “Textile”, “Embroidery”, “Buildings”.
As a result of research work carried out in the twenties, a rich collection was formed in the museum's funds, which included festive peasant costumes, shoes, towels, peasant household items and tools.
During the Great Patriotic War, most of the collection was lost, and in the post-war period it practically had to be completed anew. As a result of active expeditionary fees 50-90-ies of the twentieth century. the museum funds were replenished with unique ethnographic items. In addition to complete sets of costumes, the fund contains various kinds of clothing items: belts, ribbons, jewelry, scarves.
Geographic, economic, historical, cultural factors, as well as the diversity of the ethnic composition are reflected in the art of the folk costume of the Voronezh province, which has pronounced regional characteristics. The exhibition presents costumes from various districts of the Voronezh province, which are included in the ritual context, which allows showing the changes in clothing that occur in different age groups of the population, in the circle of human life.